Christian Faith: A Logical Point of View – PART 4 Establish the Timeline for Christianity

 

The format for this portion will be quite different than my other posts. As the title suggests, I’ll be creating a timeline to establish the growth of Christianity and the life of the early Christian. I will be using both Christian and non Christian sources.  I’m including a map to help track the physical location of these early Believers.

Map of Paul's Missionary Journeys.

30-33 AD Death (and Resurrection) of Jesus Christ

33 AD Pentecost and the coming of the Holy Spirit, known as “Birthday of the Church”

33 AD First Christian martyr, Stephen (Acts 7)

33-36 AD Paul’s conversion. Self proclaimed prosecutor of Christians before converting.

The New Testament is Written.

Take note of the location of the letters and use this as confirmation for the spread of Christianity

45-49 AD James written by brother of Jesus in Jerusalem to 12 tribes scattered abroad (due to persecution)

48 AD Council of Jerusalem (Acts 15) – Gentile Christians accepted alongside those in the Jewish tradition.

49 AD Paul wrote Galatians to Christians in Galatia

50-60 AD Mark wrote Mark in either Rome or Galatia

51 AD Paul wrote 1 & 2 Thessalonians to Christians in Thessalonica

55&56 AD Paul wrote 1 & 2 Corinthians to Christians in Corinth

57-58 AD Paul wrote Romans to Christians in Rome

60-70 AD Matthew wrote Matthew to Christian Jews in Antioch/Syria area

60-61 AD Luke and Acts written by follower of Paul. At time uses “we” to indicate personal testimony of author.

61 AD Paul wrote Ephesians to Christians in Ephesus

61 AD Paul wrote Colossians to Christians in Colossae

62 AD Martyrdom of James, Jesus’ brother

63 AD Paul wrote Philippians to Christians in Philippi

54-66 AD Jude, brother of Jesus, wrote his letter

63-65 AD Peter wrote 1 Peter, written in Rome or Antioch to persecuted Christians in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia.

63-65 AD Peter wrote 2 Peter, has many similarities to Jude.

63-66 AD Paul  wrote 1 & 2 Timothy ( to Timothy in Ephesus) and Titus (in Crete islands) and Philemon (in Colossae)

65 AD Rome’s “Great Fire” blamed on Christians by Roman emperor Nero.

64-68 AD Apostles Peter and Paul martyred in the reign of Nero

70 AD Jewish rebellion against the Roman empire ends. Destruction of the temple in Jerusalem.  Center of Christianity moves to Antioch, Alexandria and Rome.

85-90 Book of Revelations and Gospel of John and 1,2,3 John written by John

The Church Fathers 

Persecution Continues

68-107 AD Church Father Ignatius, bishop of Antioch wrote letters to Ephesus, the Magnesians, the Trallians, Rome, Philadelphians, Smyrnaeans, and Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna, later martyred.

89-96 AD Roman Emperor Domitian persecution of Christians

109-111 AD Letters by Pliny the Younger showing Christian persecution

50-150 AD Gospel of Thomas, includes many sayings of Jesus

100-144 AD Gospel of Marcion, considered heresy has similarities to Luke

120-150 AD Greek Gospel of the Egyptians written to Christians in Egypt

140-180 AD Gospel of Truth written, considered heresy. References Matthew and John (most often), as well as 1 & 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians, Hebrews, 1John and the Book of Revelation. It is also influenced by Gospel of Thomas

150-200 AD Gospel of Peter, considered heresy. Has similarities to John and found in Egypt

161-180 AD Widespread persecution of Christians under Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius. (Sever persecution also occurred under the emperors Decius 249-251, and Diocletian 284-305)

150-350 AD Gospel of Mary, Gospel of Judas (Iscariot), Secret Book of James, Infancy book of Thomas, and Gospel of Philip, dates highly contested, found in Egypt.

Additional 1st-3rd Century documentation

160-175 AD Diatessaron written by Tatian to harmonize the four Gospels into one coherent passage.

180-215 AD Church Father – Clement of Alexandria who wrote the Protrepticus (Exhortation)   in 195 –  the Paedagogus (Tutor) wrote in 198  – the Stromata (Miscellanies) wrote in 198-203. He references Mark and the “Gospels”

201-253 AD Church Father – Origen – Considered Biblical scholar and critic. Wrote commentary on the Bible, references “Gospel of the Hebrews”

290-340 AD Church Father – Eusebius – Scholar of Biblical canon, wrote on discrepancies between the Gospels

301 AD Armenia becomes the world’s first country to officially adopt Christianity as the state religion.

313 AD Edict of Milan issued by Constantine – Christianity becomes a legal religion within the Roman empire. With an estimate of 5-8 million Christians recorded.

367 AD Saint Athanasius is the first to list all 27 New Testament books in his festal letter.

381 AD Ecumenical Council at Constantinople revises the Nicene creed to its current form.

382 AD Church Father – Jerome, references earlier document “Gospel of the Nazarenes”, he began a translation of the Bible into Latin.

397 AD Synod at Carthage ratifies the 27 books of the New Testament as sacred scripture.


Another Map: Dark blue Christians as 325 AD light blue to 600 AD

For the other Parts: 

ONE – https://journeywithjewels.wordpress.com/2017/04/17/christian-faith-a-logical-point-of-view-part-1/

TWO – https://journeywithjewels.wordpress.com/2017/04/21/christian-faith-a-logical-point-of-view-part-2-establish-areas-of-agreement/

THREE – https://journeywithjewels.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/christian-faith-a-logical-point-of-view-part-3-establish-the-bible-as-a-credible-source/

FOUR – https://journeywithjewels.wordpress.com/2017/05/05/christian-faith-a-logical-point-of-view-part-4-establish-the-timeline-for-christianity/

FIVE – https://journeywithjewels.wordpress.com/2017/06/23/christian-faith-a-logical-point-of-view-part-5-facing-rebuttals/

 

 

Timeline Sources

http://christianityinview.com/timeline.html

http://www.jesuschristsavior.net/History.html

And lots of sources here and there, I used multiple sources to find areas where most agreed. This took a long time to gather all this info, hope you enjoyed it. 😀

 

 

 

 

 

 

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4 thoughts on “Christian Faith: A Logical Point of View – PART 4 Establish the Timeline for Christianity

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